Anti-doping organisations have said Russia should be banned from hosting and competing in international sporting events, including the 2018 World Cup, until it can show it is compliant with the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) code.
The demand comes after the recently-released McLaren report showed the country had run a state-sponsored doping programme affecting more than 1,000 athletes between 2011 and 2015.
After a summit of anti-doping organisations in Dublin on Tuesday, leaders said Russia should not host the World Cup.
US Anti-Doping Agency chief executive Travis Tygart said: "I think until Russia can show they are co-compliant [with WADA regulations], all competitions, and that would include it [the World Cup]... should be removed."
Russia has already lost the right to host a World Cup biathlon event and the 2017 Bobsleigh and Skeleton World Championships.
The leaders of 19 anti-doping organisations have said it is "imperative that those responsible for Russia's state-supported system are held accountable."
Speaking last month, FIFA president Gianni Infantino said: "We will guarantee that the World Cup in Russia will be completely safe when it comes to anti-doping matters or when it comes to doping cases."
Russia has denied allegations that there was a state-sponsored doping programme, and officials have said there is a crackdown on drug cheats in sport.
But in December, Anna Antseliovich, the acting director of Russia's national anti-doping agency Rusada, told the New York Times: "It was an institutional conspiracy."