Pierre Gasly's form in the first half of the season saw Red Bull take drastic measures over the summer break and replace him with Toro Rosso's Alex Albon. On the face of it the decision seems harsh, but a look at the statistics behind Gasly's first 12 races of 2019 helps to explain the reasons behind Red Bull's decision.
Verstappen qualifying results: 4th, 5th, 5th, 4th, 4th, 3rd, 11th, 4th, 3rd, 4th, 2nd, 1st
Gasly qualifying results: 17th, 13th, 6th, 15th, 6th, 5th, 5th, 9th, 9th, 5th, 4th, 6th
Gasly's failure to be competitive in qualifying has occasionally hamstrung Red Bull in terms of formulating its strategy for Sundays. Speaking in Hungary, Horner said Red Bull had been "one-legged" too often so far this year.
Given the competitive picture in modern F1, there is a maximum of six cars at each race likely to have a realistic shot at pole position. All but one driver at the top three teams -- Mercedes, Ferrari and Red Bull -- has claimed a pole position this season. Gasly, the one who hasn't also had the worst average gap to his teammate, as shown below.
Average gap (When both drivers made it to Q3)
Verstappen- Gasly: -0.589s
Gasly has failed to make Q3 on three occasions. Verstappen and the Ferrari drivers have each done so just once, while Mercedes has successfully had both cars in the top-10 shootout at all 12 races this year.
Verstappen race results: 3rd, 4th, 4th, 4th, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 4th, 1st, 5th, 1st, 2nd
Gasly race results: 11th, 8th, 6th, RET, 6th, 5th, 8th, 10th, 7th, 4th, 14th, 6th
Gasly's head-to-head with his teammate makes for ugly reading. The Frenchman's bad season has coincided with Verstappen finding supreme form, which has included two race victories, a maiden career pole position and a handful of other visits to the podium. But it's not just the comparison to Verstappen where he is lacking.
Here is the grid ordered by a slightly different metric, as of their current standings:
For every point Vettel scores, Leclerc scores 0.84
For every point Ricciardo scores, Hulkenberg scores 0.77
For every point Hamilton scores, Bottas scores 0.75
For every point Stroll scores, Perez scores 0.72
For every point Kvyat scores, Albon scores 0.59
For every point Magnussen scores, Grosjean scores 0.44
For every point Sainz scores, Norris scores 0.41
For every point Verstappen scores, Gasly scores 0.34
For every point Raikkonen scores, Giovinazzi scores 0.03
(Williams is the only team where this stat is not relevant, as Robert Kubica has one point and George Russell has zero.)
Red Bull pressure
Red Bull's pressure cooker environment is infamously tough on struggling drivers and Gasly's start is the worst of any Red Bull driver who joined the team in this decade.
Here's how the other four active drivers on the grid who have raced at Red Bull fared after their first 12 races:
In 2009 Vettel had: 2 wins, 4 podiums, 3 pole positions, 53 points (118 points under current system)
In 2014 Ricciardo had: 3 wins, 3 podiums, 156 points
In 2015 Kvyat had: 1 podium, 58 points
In 2016 Verstappen had: 1 win, 4 podiums 134 points
It's worth noting that, of those four, Kvyat's tenure with the team was the shortest -- he was unceremoniously demoted to Toro Rosso for Verstappen ahead of the Spanish Grand Prix in 2016, a race the Dutchman duly won. The start to Kvyat's 2015 was not seen as negatively, with Red Bull failing to claim a race victory that season.
Some other things to digest
The closest Gasly has been to Verstappen in a qualifying session where they have both made Q3 is 0.314 seconds at the British Grand Prix.
Verstappen surpassed Pierre Gasly's current points tally at the Spanish Grand Prix in May, the fifth race of the season.
Verstappen could have started the 2019 season at the Austrian Grand Prix (four races ago) and he'd still have more points than the 63 Gasly has right now. Quite a few more, in fact -- in those four races, he's scored 81 points.
If you removed all of Verstappen's podium finishes this year (first, second or third), he would still have more points than Gasly has right now (80-63).
If you traveled back in time to the evening of June 9, after the Canadian Grand Prix, and looked at the championship standings, Gasly's August total of 63 would still only be good enough for sixth in the championship.
Carlos Sainz -- the man Red Bull could have been picked for Gasly's seat -- failed to score points at the opening four races of 2019, but is still just five points behind Gasly. Considering Sainz drives for McLaren -- a midfield team that hasn't scored a podium since 2014 -- that gap is surprisingly small.
The Verstappen/Gasly head-to-head is as lopsided as that of Williams pair George Russell and Robert Kubica. Gasly and Kubica have beaten their respective teammates just once on a Saturday and once on a Sunday so far this year.
How did it get this bad?
Very few people thought Gasly would have an easy time of things ahead of his debut season with Red Bull. Alongside him was an ever-improving Verstappen, who was arguably the grid's most in-form driver at the end of 2018. But no one would have predicted it would be this bad.
Understandably, progress seemed slow early on as Gasly wrestled with a new car with just one full season of F1 experience behind him. A worrying trend developed early in the season, with the Frenchman unable to get close to matching Verstappen's quickest times in qualifying. He failed to make it into Q3 in his first two weekends, but slowly found his feet. A drive from the pit-lane to sixth position at the Azerbaijan Grand Prix could have marked a much-needed confidence boost, but a car failure in the closing stages meant he left the race empty-handed.
The one time he outqualified Verstappen was when Red Bull messed up its timings in Q2 at the Canadian Grand Prix, meaning the Dutchman didn't even progress to the top-10 shootout. Gasly hardly seized the initiative, as he was beaten to fifth on the grid by his predecessor Daniel Ricciardo. In the race, Verstappen fought through the field to fourth while Gasly laboured to ninth.
There was little improvement forthcoming and a new low point was reached at the Austrian Grand Prix, Red Bull's home race, when he qualified ninth behind two Alfa Romeos, a McLaren and a Haas, before finishing seventh the following day. Compounding matters was the fact Verstappen lapped him en route to claiming Red Bull's first win of 2019.
The common consensus at Red Bull ahead of the British Grand Prix at the beginning of July was that Gasly was primed for a turnaround. He arrived at Silverstone having switched to Verstappen's set-up and after doing 12 days of work with Red Bull to solve his issues. Gasly would qualify behind Verstappen -- but closer than he had been all year -- and, after a solid race which included some nice racing with Charles Leclerc, moved ahead of his teammate in the final classification after the Dutchman was punted off by Sebastian Vettel late on.
Regardless of how he got there, it was the chance for a much needed morale boost, and Christian Horner sounded positive afterwards.
"[He is] just focusing on what he is doing and not worrying what his teammate was doing," Horner said. "Just getting back to basics, he has been like a different driver all weekend."
The optimism was short-lived. A crash in practice ahead of the German Grand Prix followed two weeks later, forcing the team to rebuild his car overnight. After the Ferrari's suffered a double setback, Gasly grabbed fourth place, 0.4s down on Verstappen, although the team pointed to a much quicker Q3 lap which was deleted after he had marginally exceeded track limits.
In the crazy race that followed, Verstappen mastered the conditions to claim a thrilling victory, but Gasly failed to make the finish -- running seventh, he retired after clumsily driving into the back of Alexander Albon in the final laps. At the Hungarian Grand Prix, where Verstappen nearly won a third race in four attempts, Gasly laboured to sixth position, finishing behind McLaren's Carlos Sainz.
After the race and ahead of the August summer break, Horner said Gasly's form was starting to hurt the team, adding: "I think he really needs to take some time out during the summer break, reflect on the first half of the season and take the lessons from that into the second half of the year. It's vital for us if we are to stand any chance of catching Ferrari that we have him finishing further ahead."
Gasly seemed to relish the prospect of the upcoming summer break when he spoke to the media in Budapest on Sunday evening. "For sure it is good for everyone to have a break now, switch off and also review the first few months, what went well, what we could have done better with the guys, and come back stronger for the second part of the season. There have been a lot of lessons learned since the beginning of the year.
"There is still some more to do. We will take the time to make sure that we come back sharper for the second part of the season."
But he will now have to focus that optimism towards rediscovering his form at Toro Rosso after Red Bull decided to switch him with Albon ahead of the next race in Spa-Francorchamps.